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introduction to a research paper

What Is an Introduction Paragraph for Research Paper? The introduction paragraph or perhaps even a few paragraphs are usually placed at the beginning of the research paper to accomplish this task. Moreover, all that you write in the inception should attract the attention of the reader. An APA Research Paper Model Thomas Delancy and Adam Solberg wrote the following research paper for a psychology class. As you review their paper, read the side notes and examine the following: The use and documentation of their numerous sources. The background they . Find out how to write a research paper introduction so that it sounds eye-catching. Learn how to hook the reader from the very first lines. Check useful tips and tricks. Follow recommendations for writing a great introduction for your research paper. Find out how to get an A-grade.


How to Write an Introduction


The introduction leads the reader from a general subject area to a particular topic of inquiry. It establishes the scope, context, and significance of the research being conducted by summarizing current understanding and background information about the topic, stating the purpose of the work in the form of the research problem supported by a hypothesis or a set of questions, explaining briefly the methodological approach used to examine the research problem, introduction to a research paper, highlighting the potential outcomes your study can reveal, introduction to a research paper, and outlining the remaining structure and organization of the paper.

Key Elements introduction to a research paper the Research Proposal. Prepared under the direction of the Superintendent and by the Curriculum Design and Writing Team. Baltimore County Public Schools. Think of the introduction as a mental road map that must answer for the reader these four questions:.

A well-written introduction is important because, quite simply, you never get a second chance to make a good first impression. The opening paragraphs of your paper will provide your readers with their initial impressions about the logic of your argument, your writing style, the overall quality of your research, and, ultimately, the validity of your findings and conclusions.

A vague, disorganized, or error-filled introduction will create a negative impression, whereas, a concise, engaging, and well-written introduction will lead your readers to think highly of your analytical skills, your writing style, and your research approach. All introductions should conclude with a brief paragraph that describes the organization of the rest of the paper. Hirano, Eliana. The Writing Center. Peter Redman. London: Sage,pp. Demystifying the Journal Article.

Inside Higher Education. Structure and Approach. The introduction is the broad beginning of the paper that answers three important questions for the reader:. Think of the structure of the introduction as an inverted triangle of information that lays a foundation for understanding the research problem. Organize the information so as to present the more general aspects of the topic early in the introduction, then narrow your analysis to more specific topical information that provides context, finally arriving at your research problem and the rationale for studying it [often written as a series of key questions to be addressed or framed as a hypothesis or set of assumptions to be tested] and, whenever possible, a description of the potential outcomes your study can reveal.

These are general phases associated with writing an introduction: 1. Establish an area to research by:. Identify a research niche by:. Place your research within the research niche by:.

This is appropriate because outcomes are unknown until you've completed the study. After you complete writing the body of the paper, go back and review introductory descriptions of the structure of the paper, the method of data gathering, the reporting and analysis of results, introduction to a research paper the conclusion. Reviewing and, if necessary, rewriting the introduction ensures that it correctly matches the overall structure of your final paper.

Delimitations of the Study. Delimitations refer to those characteristics that limit the scope introduction to a research paper define the conceptual boundaries of your research. This is determined by the conscious exclusionary and inclusionary decisions you make about how to investigate the introduction to a research paper problem.

In other words, not only should you tell the reader what it is you are studying and why, but you must also acknowledge why you rejected alternative approaches that could have been used to examine the topic. Obviously, the first limiting step was the choice of research problem itself. However, implicit are other, introduction to a research paper, related problems that could have been chosen but were rejected. These should be noted in the conclusion of your introduction.

For example, a delimitating statement could read, "Although many factors can be understood to impact the likelihood young people will vote, this study will focus on socioeconomic factors related to the need to work full-time while in school. Examples of delimitating choices would be:. Review each of these decisions.

Not only do you clearly establish what you intend to accomplish in your research, but you should also include a declaration of what the study does not introduction to a research paper to cover. Make this reasoning explicit! They are an accepted element of academic writing intended to keep the reader focused on the research problem by explicitly defining the conceptual boundaries and scope of your study.

It addresses any critical questions in the reader's mind of, "Why the hell didn't the author examine this? The Narrative Flow. Issues to keep in mind that will help the narrative flow in your introduction :. Engaging the Reader. A research problem in the social sciences can come across as dry and uninteresting to anyone unfamiliar with the topic. Therefore, one of the goals of your introduction is to make readers want to read your paper.

Here are several strategies you can use to grab the reader's attention:. This avoids giving an impression that your paper is more flash than substance and does not distract from the substance of your study. Introductions and Conclusions. University College Writing Centre. University of Toronto; Introduction. Department of Biology. Bates College; Introductions. University of North Carolina; Introductions. Writing Center, introduction to a research paper.

Program in Writing and Humanistic Studies. Massachusetts Institute of Technology; Sharpling, introduction to a research paper, Gerald. Writing an Introduction. Department of English Writing Guide. George Mason University. Avoid the "Dictionary" Introduction. Giving the dictionary definition of words related to the research problem may appear appropriate because it is important to define specific terminology that readers may be unfamiliar with.

However, anyone can look a word up in the dictionary and a general dictionary is not a particularly authoritative source because it doesn't take into account the context of your topic and doesn't offer particularly detailed information.

Also, placed in the context of a particular discipline, a term or concept may have a different meaning than what is found in a general dictionary. If you feel that you introduction to a research paper seek out an authoritative definition, use a subject specific dictionary or encyclopedia [e, introduction to a research paper. A good database for obtaining definitive definitions of concepts or terms is Credo Reference.

Saba, Robert. The College Research Paper. Florida International University; Introductions. University of North Carolina, introduction to a research paper. When Do I Begin? A common question asked at the start of any paper is, "Where should I begin? Therefore, it is important to lay a foundation for understanding the historical context introduction to a research paper the research problem.

However, this information should be brief and succinct and begin at a point in time that illustrates the study's overall importance. For example, a study that investigates coffee cultivation and export in West Africa as a key stimulus for local economic growth needs to describe the beginning of exporting coffee in the region and establishing why economic growth is important.

You do not need to give a long historical explanation about coffee exports in Africa. If a research problem requires a substantial exploration of the historical context, do this in the literature review section. In your introduction, make note of this as part of the "roadmap" [see below] that you use to describe the organization of your paper. Always End with a Roadmap. The final paragraph or sentences of your introduction should forecast your main arguments and conclusions and provide a brief description of the rest of the paper [the "roadmap"] that let's the reader know where you are going and what to expect, introduction to a research paper.

A roadmap is important because it helps the reader place the research problem within the context of their own perspectives about the topic. In addition, concluding your introduction with an explicit roadmap tells the reader that you have a clear understanding of the structural purpose of your paper. In this way, the roadmap acts as a type of promise to yourself and to your readers that you will follow a consistent and coherent approach to addressing the topic of inquiry.

Refer to it often to help keep your writing focused and organized. Cassuto, introduction to a research paper, Leonard. Contact us. The Introduction Search this Guide Search. The Introduction This guide provides advice on how to develop and organize introduction to a research paper research paper in the social and behavioral sciences. The Conclusion Toggle Dropdown Appendices Definition The introduction leads the reader from a general subject area to a particular topic of inquiry.

Importance of a Good Introduction Think of the introduction as a mental road map that must answer for the reader these four questions: What was I studying? Why was this topic important to investigate?

What did we know about this topic before I did this study? How will this study advance new knowledge or new ways of understanding? Structure and Writing Style I. Structure and Approach The introduction is the broad beginning of the paper that answers three important questions for the reader: What is this? Why should I read it? Place your research within the research niche by: Stating the intent of your study, Outlining the key characteristics of your study, Describing important results, and Giving a brief overview of the structure of the paper, introduction to a research paper.

Delimitations of the Study Delimitations refer to those characteristics that limit the scope and define the conceptual boundaries of your research.

 

Research Paper Introduction Example: Tips On Writing | Edusson Blog

 

introduction to a research paper

 

An APA Research Paper Model Thomas Delancy and Adam Solberg wrote the following research paper for a psychology class. As you review their paper, read the side notes and examine the following: The use and documentation of their numerous sources. The background they . What Is an Introduction Paragraph for Research Paper? The introduction paragraph or perhaps even a few paragraphs are usually placed at the beginning of the research paper to accomplish this task. Moreover, all that you write in the inception should attract the attention of the reader. Research paper introduction writing tips. Research paper introduction is essential part of your writing and it must be created according to certain rules. It is true that when you write any kind of text you can push yourself too hard and cross borders of norms. Because academic styles of .