Conversion disorder in childhood—diagnosed too late, investigated too much?

 

conversion disorder case study

Conversion disorder is a psychiatric condition in which a person develops physical symptoms that are not under voluntary control and are not explained by a neurological disease or another medical. Brain. ––Conversion symptoms may have neurobiological underpinnings, as suggested by this functional neuroimaging study. Patients with active conversion symptoms exhibited decreased brain activation in the thalamus and basal ganglia contralateral to the side of Cited by: 5. Conversion disorder is defined as a rare disorder in which a person experiences very specific and genuine physical symptoms for which no physiological basis can be found. In this case, the.


Conversion Disorder Presenting With Neurologic and Respiratory Symptoms


Verified by Psychology Today. Conversion disorder is a psychiatric condition in which a person develops physical symptoms that are not under voluntary control and are not explained by a neurological disease or another medical condition. Conversion disorder is also called functional neurological symptom disorder, referring to abnormal central nervous system functioning. To be diagnosed with conversion disorder, the physical symptoms must cause significant distress or impairment in day-to-day functioning.

If the conversion symptoms are commonly seen within a culture and do not cause significant distress or disability, then a diagnosis of conversion disorder would not be given. Symptoms of conversion disorder can be temporary or can persist for a long period of time. Temporary symptoms of conversion disorder are common, but the prevalence of the condition is not known. Conversion disorder is two to three times more common in females than males. The rate of new diagnoses of persistent conversion symptoms is approximately two to five cases conversion disorder case studyeach year.

Conversion disorder can have many different presentations conversion disorder case study symptoms. Motor symptoms include weakness or paralysis, abnormal movements such as tremor, and difficulty walking. Sometimes people experience sensory symptoms, such as altered, reduced, or absent skin sensation, vision, or hearing.

Other common symptoms include episodes of unresponsiveness that resemble fainting or coma, reduced or absent speech volume, changes in articulation when speaking slurred speecha sensation of a lump in the throat, and double vision, conversion disorder case study.

People with conversion disorder are not faking their symptoms, and despite not having a clear physiological origin, the symptoms cause real distress and cannot be controlled at will. The severity of the disability caused by conversion disorder can be similar to that experienced by people with comparable medical diseases. The onset of symptoms is usually sudden and can be associated with stress or a traumatic event. Stressful life events are often present in people who develop conversion symptoms, but this is not always the case.

Conversion disorder can develop at any time throughout the lifespan. The onset of non-epileptic seizures is most common in the third decade of life, and motor symptoms have their peak onset in the fourth decade of life. The focus of psychotherapy is to help the individual understand the emotional conversion disorder case study behind their physical symptoms, and to resolve this underlying psychological distress. Psychotherapy treatment can include individual or group therapy, hypnosisbiofeedbackand relaxation training.

Physical therapy attempts to maximize physical functioning and prevent any secondary complications that may result from physical symptoms, such as muscle weakness or stiffness that follows periods of physical inactivity.

Conversion disorder may also be treated through the use of psychotropic medications that address underlying psychiatric problems, such as depression and anxiety. A conversion disorder case study prognosis can be expected when conversion symptoms have a sudden onset, are present for a short period of time, the individual is accepting of their diagnosis, and there are no additional psychiatric disorders present, conversion disorder case study.

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Scientific Reform Works. Dialectics in Psychotherapy. Conversion Disorder. Symptoms Conversion disorder can have many different presentations and symptoms. Causes The onset of symptoms is usually sudden conversion disorder case study can be associated with stress or a traumatic event. References Ali, S. American Psychiatric Association. Yakobov, E.

Springer International Publishing. Conversion Disorder Resources. Get Help Find an expert on conversion disorder. Diagnosis Somatic Symptom Disorder. Connected Topics Neurological Assessment. Get Listed Today, conversion disorder case study.

 

Case Study: Conversion Disorder Essay Example | Graduateway

 

conversion disorder case study

 

Brain. ––Conversion symptoms may have neurobiological underpinnings, as suggested by this functional neuroimaging study. Patients with active conversion symptoms exhibited decreased brain activation in the thalamus and basal ganglia contralateral to the side of Cited by: 5. Conversion disorder is defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) 1 as a condition in which symptoms and deficits in voluntary motor function suggest a neurological or other physical condition which is in fact not present. Child psychiatrists have reported a prevalence of 1–3% in the patients they see. 2, 3 Among new outpatients at a paediatric neurology Cited by: Conversion disorder is a psychiatric condition in which a person develops physical symptoms that are not under voluntary control and are not explained by a neurological disease or another medical.